What Are The Actual Causes Of Stomach Pain And Nausea?

Stomach pain and nausea are common health complaints in both children and adults.

Causes can range from overeating and anxiety to infection and gastrointestinal disorders.

Stomach pain and nausea are often either acute or chronic. Acute means symptoms are short-lived and should come on suddenly. Chronic means the condition is persistent.

In this article, we glance at a number of the acute and chronic causes of stomach pain and nausea. We also discuss self-care, when to ascertain a doctor, medical treatment, complications, and prevention.

Acute causes
Stomach pain and nausea are often side effects of medicines or occur thanks to viral gastroenteritis or stress.
Causes of acute stomach pain and nausea can include:

Inflammation of the stomach lining
Side effects of certain medications, like antibiotics and cancer treatments
Viral gastroenteritis may be a common explanation for stomach pain and nausea. Although people often ask this condition as “stomach flu,” it’s actually an infection of the intestines and doesn’t involve the flu virus.

The most common explanation for viral gastroenteritis is norovirus, but rotavirus infection is usually the explanation for this condition in infants and young children.

Other symptoms of viral gastroenteritis include watery diarrhea and vomiting, and a few people may develop a fever.

Gastroenteritis also can result from eating contaminated food, which may allow harmful bacteria, viruses, or parasites to enter the body. The symptoms of gastrointestinal disorder are almost like those of viral gastroenteritis, and other people should see a doctor if they develop dehydration or their symptoms become severe.

Chronic causes
Causes of chronic stomach pain and nausea can include:

Gastritis is an inflammation of the stomach lining. This inflammation is often acute or chronic. Additionally, to stomach pain and nausea, gastritis also can cause vomiting.

The most common explanation for gastritis is infection with a bacteria called Helicobacter pylori. Other causes include damage to the stomach lining, potentially from alcohol or the frequent use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug drugs, which include ibuprofen and aspirin.

Intestinal obstructions
Obstructions within the intestines can cause stomach pain, vomiting, bloating, and constipation. Intestinal obstructions can cause serious complications if an individual doesn’t receive treatment.

Causes of intestinal obstructions can include:

Adhesions, which are bands of tissue which will form following surgery
inflammatory bowel disease
Functional gastrointestinal disorders
These are a gaggle of disorders during which the alimentary canal doesn’t work because it should, and there are visible structural problems.

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and functional dyspepsia are samples of functional gastrointestinal disorders.

IBS can cause abdominal pain or cramps also as bloating and either diarrhea or constipation. The symptoms of functional dyspepsia can include pain within the upper abdomen, nausea, and vomiting.

According to the International Foundation for Gastrointestinal Disorders, functional gastrointestinal disorders affect about one in four people within the us .

When to ascertain a doctor
A person should see a doctor if pain within the chest accompanies abdominal discomfort.
Stomach pain and nausea are often short-lived and obtain better on their own. However, persistent symptoms could also be a symbol of a more serious condition.

People should see a doctor directly if any of the subsequent symptoms accompany abdominal discomfort:

Frequent vomiting or blood within the vomit
Diarrhoea that lasts for quite 2 days
Bloody or black and tarry stools
Pain within the chest, arm, neck, or jaw
Difficulty breathing or swallowing
Unexplained weight loss

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