If a bite pierces an individual’s skin, bacteria from the animal’s
mouth can get into the body, which may cause
Washing the wound thoroughly can remove the bacteria from the body and help prevent infection. If the bacteria stay within the body, they will cause an infection, like tetanus, rabies, or sepsis.
In some cases, an infection can spread to other parts of the body. People will need antibiotics or vaccinations to treat these sorts of infection.
How are you able to tell if a bite is infected?
An infected bite may cause pain for extended than 24 hours.
Symptoms of a bite infection can include:
Swelling and redness round the wound
Pain that lasts longer than 24 hours
Drainage from the wound
Difficulty moving the affected a part of the body
A warm feeling round the wound
Signs that the infection may have spread to other parts of the body include:
Managing dog bites and preventing infection
To help prevent infection from a bite, people should wash the wound as soon as possible. People can treat minor wounds by:
Washing the wound with soap and warm water, ensuring to wash the world thoroughly.
running the wound under lukewarm water to flush out bacteria.
applying antibiotic cream to the wound then wrapping a clean bandage around it.
People should affect deeper, more serious wounds by:
pressing a dry, clean cloth firmly against the wound to prevent the bleeding
seeking medical attention immediately
calling 911 or getting emergency help if the bleeding is uncontrollable or the person feels faint
People could also be ready to use at-home treatments to stop a bite from becoming infected. Cleaning minor wounds immediately is usually sufficient. However, people should see a doctor for more serious wounds.
A doctor may use a syringe to use water and a cleaning solution to the wound. Doing this helps flush out bacteria from the wound. The doctor may then prescribe antibiotics to repel any bacteria that have entered the body and stop infection.
A doctor also will be ready to examine the wound to seem for any damage to structures within the body, like nerves or bones.
If the person has not had a tetanus vaccine within the last 5 years, they’ll got to have one to scale back the danger of tetanus.
According to the American Academy of Pediatrics, people with a unclean wound should have a booster tetanus vaccine if quite 5 years have passed since their last shot. For a clean wound, people should have a booster vaccine if it’s been quite 10 years since their last shot.
In cases of severe or facial wounds, people may have stitches to shut the wound. If the person doesn’t know the dog’s history of rabies vaccination, they’re going to need a postexposure rabies vaccine to guard them from the likelihood of rabies.
Bites on the hands or feet carry a better risk of infection. Certain infections from dog bites are often very serious and cause complications. Without treatment, these infections are often fatal.
If people have a Capnocytophaga infection from a bite , they’ll have the subsequent symptoms:
Blistering round the wound
Redness, swelling, and pain round the wound
Oozing from the wound
Vomiting and diarrhoea
Symptoms can appear between 1 and 14 days after a bite. The subsequent factors can increase an individual’s risk of infection:
Excessive alcohol use
Not having a spleen
The presence of health conditions that affect the system taking medications which will damage cells, like chemotherapy
Without treatment, complications of Capnocytophaga infection can include:
A doctor will prescribe antibiotics to treat a Capnocytophaga infection.
Untreated animal bites can sometimes cause sepsis. Sepsis may be a severe reaction to infection, and it are often life threatening. Signs of sepsis include:
high or low blood heat
extreme daytime sleepiness
severe pain or discomfort
If an individual suspect that they need sepsis, they ought to seek immediate medical attention. A doctor will treat sepsis with antibiotics and intravenous fluids.
People can get rabies if a dog that has rabies bites them. the primary symptoms of rabies are:
A headache, fever, and other flu-like symptoms
An itching or prickling feeling round the bite
Rabies is fatal if an individual doesn’t receive treatment. People should see their doctor immediately if they think that the dog that bit them may need rabies. Postexposure rabies vaccination can treat the infection.
A bite can cause tetanus bacteria to enter the body. Symptoms of tetanus include:
Cramping within the jaw
Muscle spasms, usually within the stomach
Tetanus may be a serious infection. People with any symptoms of tetanus need immediate medical attention. they’re going to require medications, like antibiotics, also as a tetanus vaccine.
When to ascertain a doctor
People should seek emergency medical attention for a bite if they have:
Uncontrollable bleeding from the wound
A red, swollen, or painful wound
A wound that feels warm
A deep wound and haven’t had their tetanus shot within the last 5 years
If an individual thinks that a bite has resulted in damage to the nerves or bones, they ought to seek emergency treatment. Emergency treatment is additionally necessary if an infection has spread to other parts of the body.
People should also seek medical attention if the dog that bit them was acting strangely, or they’re unsure whether the dog has received a vaccine against rabies.